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Objectives & Outputs

Drought2
© ICRISAT

The project will evaluate strategies for agricultural adaptation to climate change through the use of "analogue locations", with special reference to predicted temperature increases. In each country, we have identified two pairs of these analogue locations – sites with similar rainfall totals and patterns but that differ by 3 degrees Celsius in their annual mean temperature. These are:

KENYA °C ZIMBABWE °C
Embu
KARI research station
19,5° Sanyati
Cotton research inst., Kadoma
21,8°
Kabete
University of Nairobi farm
18,2° Chiweshe 
Henderson Research Station
18,2°
Katumani
KARI research station
19,2° Chiredzi
Chiredz Research Station
21,3°
Kampi-Ya-Mawe
KARI research station
20,8° Matobo 
Matopos Research Station
18,4°
Ol Jororok
KARI research station
14,9° * Avg annual temperature

CALESA’s main activities are:

AnalysesANALYSES
By means of detailed on-station agronomic- and physiological research, the weather-driven Agricultural Production Systems Simulator (APSIM) will be fieldcalibrated. Spatial and temporal aspects of climate change will be interpolated through the use of GIS, downscaled global climate model predictions and other innovative tools. Based on the results of the analyses, recommendations for appropriate adaptation strategies will be derived.

Field TrialsFIELD TRIALS
The potential of improved soil, water and crop management strategies together will be iteratively tested through field research on station and as simulation based research. This will be contrasted by crops genotypes to mitigate the impacts of increased temperature. Crops to be tested include maize, sorghum, groundnut, pigeonpea and cowpea.

ResearchPARTICIPATORY RESEARCH
Through participatory research with farming communities undertaken by two PhD students, the pairs of analogue locations will be fully characterized with regard to crops, soils, climate, current farming practices, roles of male and female farmers, crop diversity, livestock management, farmers’ perceptions of current climateinduced risk and climate change (including gender perspective), and possible adaptation strategies.

Key InformationKEY INFORMATION
Key activities and project outputs will be disseminated widely among stakeholders, an interactive website with linkages to social networks provides key information about CALESA and serves as platform to share latest research results.